The History Of European Conflicts web page is a chronological map-oriented display of major conflicts that have occurred in the second millennium A.D. within the geographical limits of the European continent, including the Near East and a portion of Asia.  A Conflict is defined as a series of events, ranging over a period of time, leading to a change in political boundaries, leadership, etc.  An event is an individual battle, siege, or skirmish that played into the conflict and had an impact on the outcome of the conflict. Each event is represented on the map by its location, with various levels of summary information provided for further reference.

Please note: this is a work in progress; only a small number of conflicts and associated events are currently registered in the database (I am currently adding events between 1000 A.D. and 1700 A.D.).  Future plans are to expand the list of conflicts and events, customize the Google-maps display format, and provide an "interactive" display that will update the events on the map over a specified time interval. More ambitious plans are to expand the map format to selected regions, and provide more map details (e.g., major cities, towns, etc).


You may display events chronologically, by conflict, or search for events containing a word or phrase, by choosing the appropriate radio button.

Select Events By Year Range

Enter a Start Year and optional End Year. All events between the two years inclusive are displayed.  If no End Year is entered, the default is the Start Year, and a single year's events will be displayed.

Select Events By Conflict

Select a Conflict from the drop-down selection list.  All events associated with the selected conflict are displayed.

Search For Events

Enter a word or phrase (for example, the name of a city or location).  All events with the specified word or phrase in the Event Title are displayed.

Select Map Style

Google - events are displayed on a Google-Map.  This map implements Google-Map features including the ability to pan the map, and zoom in and out.  Map details (cities, towns, roads, etc) have been removed from the map.

Static - events are displayed on a static map using an Azimuthal Equidistant projection.  Latitude and longitude are converted to rectangular (x, y) coordinates. The center point of the map is at (latitude 45, longitude 20) and is the tangent point of the projection plane.


All Events matching the selected criteria are returned in an Event List and are located on the map using red icons - thumbtacks (on the static map) or red markers (on the Google Map). A selected icon will turn green (see Event Display, below).

Event List

All events in the specified year range, or in the selected conflict, or that match a specified word or phrase are listed in a scrollable window in the left panel of the display.  Event details include the Event name (Title, highlighted in blue), associated conflict, date(s) when the event occurred, and the geographic location (name, latitude, longitude) of the event.  Click the Event Title.  The Event background color changes to a light blue, and the associated thumbtack changes color from red to green.  To view a detailed description of the event, click on the blue "W" icon. A separate window displays the contents of a Wikipedia page.

Event Display

All events are positioned on the map using red thumbtacks. Click on a thumbtack, and the following actions occur: the associated event in the event list is highlighted.  A small window opens at the tack location with a summary of the event. Click the small window to close it and display the thumbtack in green.


First of all I am not an historian, by education or profession. Reading history is something I enjoy doing, but as with many subjects that don't involve direct experience, I find it difficult at times to grasp the large scale historical flow of events, especially over extended periods of time and across fluid geo-political boundaries.  So developing this site is an exercise in gaining a better sense of that flow.   As with any high-level summary of complex geo-political, regional, and local events, I had to make some concessions for the sake of simplicity.  This required some groupings of events into conflicts that may be categorized differently by historians, and to neglect those of lesser significance (again, a somewhat arbitrary definition).  And the time-frame in which events occur has to be bounded rather narrowly; in reality, the lead-up to a battle or siege takes time and almost always involves movement of forces that cannot be accurately represented in the format I use here.  For details on the events, I tried to maintain a single point of reference, hence the use of Wikipedia; the usual caveats apply to the information contained there as well.